It might be a little bit of a longer post, but these four verbs can kind of all be lumped together. They do similar things to each other that are different (and easier) than other verbs. Luckily they are easier because they are super useful!
These verbs are all similar because the verbs themselves do no conjugate. You take the verb form and generally add things to it. All those special rules I explained yesterday (Grammar Lessons #2 and #3) don’t apply. It’s amazing. Please note: All of these say add the అ plus other things to the verb form. Whenever అ is added to the verb form, it means change the previous syllable and make it an అ sound (take away it’s ు, etc. sounds) not actually adding the అ itself.
Should has to be the easiest of the four verbs I’ll be describing.
Rule #1: Take the verb form + అలి (“a le”)
Rule #2: 2nd letter ు (“ew”) sound changes to an అ (“a”) sound
—- i.e. చదువు “to read”: నేను చదవాలి “I should read”
Rule #3: IF a verb ends in a long vowel sound (ీ,ూ,ా,ే,ో) then you add వాలి instead.
—- i.e. కోర్చే “to sit”: నేను కోర్చవాలి “I should sit”
The only rule!: verb form + అకూడదు
Luckily, can is pretty straightforward.
Positive: (Verb form + ఆ) + గలx*
Negative: (Verb form + ఆ) + లేx*
Wait! What does x* mean?? X* is the verb conjugation ending. No, you don’t conjugate the whole verb, you are just taking the ను, రు, ము, దు that the verbs end in and putting it there. It makes sure that the “can” matches the gender of the pronoun.
—- I.e. నేను తెలుగు మాట్లాడగలను. I can speak Telugu.
నేను తెలుగు మాట్లాడలేను. I cannot speak Telugu.
Why lump these two together? Why, because they’re the same!
The important thing to remember with need and want is that you must always use కు/కి (“ku/ke”) after the pronoun. Remember, the verbs don’t conjugate! I’m going to lump these into corresponding sentences with examples.
1. I want: కావాలి (“kaavaale”). You do not use a verb with this. This is only used to say you want something. So, Pronoun + కు/కి + Noun + కావాలి. I want (noun).
—- I.e. నాకు ఈ పోస్తకము కావాలి (“naanu ee poostakamu kaavaale”) I want this book.
2. I need: See above. Exact same.
3. I do not want: Use the same sentence structure as above: no verb. Instead of కావాలి, use వద్దు. Pronoun + కు/కి + Noun + వద్దు.
—- I.e. నాకు ఈ పోస్తకము వద్దు (“naaku ee poostakamu vaddu”) I do not want this book.
4. I do not need: Same structure, but use అక్కరలేదు (“akkaralaydu”). Pronoun + కు/కి Noun + అక్కరలేదు.
—- I.e. నాకు ఈ పోస్తకము అక్కరలేదు (“naaku ee poostakamu akkaralaydu”) I do not need this book.
5. I want to (verb): In order to say you do not want to do a certain verb (I want to go, I want to eat, I want to walk, etc.) you must add ఆ+లనిఉంది (“aalanee undi”) to the verb form. Note: No matter what the pronoun is, it will always be ఆ+లనిఉంది. You can have nouns or not. The structure will be: Pronoun + కు/కి + Noun + (verb+ఆ) లనిఉంది.
—- I.e. నాకు రొటే తిగాలనిఉంది (“naaku roteh teegaalaneunde”) I want to eat bread.
6. I need to (verb): See above.
7. I don’t want to (verb): Basically you’re going to start combining rules. Take rule number 3 and add it to rule number 5. Instead of having the sentence end in ఉంది, it will end in లేదు. (వద్దు and లేదు mean the same thing but are not interchangeable.) So you add ఆ+లనిలేదు to the verb form. The structure will be: Pronoun + కు/కి + Noun + (verb+ఆ) లనిలేదు.
—- I.e. నాకు రొటే తిగాలనిలేదు (“naaku roteh teegaalanelaydu”) I do not want to eat bread.
8. I don’t need to (verb): This sentence will also end in లేదు (since you don’t X it). You apply ఆ+నక్కరలేదు to the verb form. The structure will be: Pronoun + కు/కి + Noun + (verb+ఆ) నక్కరలేదు.
—- I.e. I.e. నాకు రొటే తిగానక్కరలేదు (“naaku roteh teegaanakkaralaydu”) I do not need to eat bread. [I will never say this sentence. You always need bread!]